|Fig. 1: 相|
|Fig. 2: |
The word 「さい中」 is just 「最中」 written in kana for the first character only. This is somewhat reminiscent of mazegaki, although that term is typically used to refer to words written in a mix of kanji and kana as a result of the post-WW2 orthographic reforms.
I couldn't figure out the meaning of the kanji 「㐬」, so I just ignored it in the translation above. Perhaps that's not the right kanji, but the reading does match.
The first component of the verb 「ござられて」 is 「ござら」, or the verb 「ござる」 in the imperfective form （未然形）. Next is 「れ」, or the auxiliary verb 「る」 (which makes the preceding verb honorific) in the continuative form （連用形）. This is presumably added because the men coming are officials from the government. Last is the continuative particle, 「て」.
|Fig. 4: 松|
In fig. 3, the verb 「心づかず」 can be parsed as the verb 「心づく」 in the imperfective form followed by the negative auxiliary verb 「ず」.
|Fig. 3: 夏|
I was also a little confused about the meaning, but I think the issue at hand is that since the Natsui household had already been liquidated, there was no way for Tanjirou (or anyone else from the household, for that matter) to pay Lord Hatakeyama the price of the tea caddy. In such a situation, the debt could have simply been forgiven, but the Lord chose not to in this case.
"He commanded [the government officials] to get (fig. 5) Matsubei, as well as the husband (fig. 4), Tanjirou, to accompany [them back]. This was a big problem (fig. 5)."I wasn't sure about what the function of 「當」 in 「當主人」 was, so I just ignored it in my translation above.
In fig. 6, the term 「同道」 ("going with" or "accompanying") is used. The second kanji looked quite different from the print form, so I tracked down this entry in a kuzushiji dictionary to confirm its identity.
Continuing the interpretation from above, the government officials are taking Matsubei and Tanjirou into custody because they cannot pay off their debt from the tea caddy.
|Fig. 6: それ|
Note the phrase 「世をしのぶ」 in fig. 7. 「世を忍ぶ」 means "to hide [oneself] from the view of society."
Later is the phrase 「身のうへ」, or 「身の上」, which means "one's welfare."
Note the verb 「しれす」. 「しれ」 is the shimo-nidan （下二段） conjugation of the verb 「知る」 in the imperfective form. The meaning is the same as 「かかわる」's in modern Japanese: "to have to do with."